Salento, “De Finibus Terrae”
The Salento peninsula, also called the “heel of Italy”, includes the most southern side of Puglia: the province of Lecce and part of those of Brindisi and Taranto. The Salento boasts over 250 km of beaches and cliffs facing the crystal waters of Ionian and Adriatic seas. In the South, Punta Ristola separates the two Seas, near to the famous touristic location Santa Maria di Leuca. The most eastern tip of Italy is also in Salento: Punta Palascìa.
The Salento area is known since the ancient age for its olive trees and vineyards, which are used to produce oils and wines of great quality (Negramaro, Primitivo, Malvasia…).
The Romans already called “Sallentini” the inhabitants of Taranto’s Gulf, but according to some the origin of the name could be also previous: the Cretan colonies came probably from the town of “Salenzia”.
Here the extremely rich Mediterranean Flora grows flush with over 1400 different species, among which we find the most famous as almond trees, fig trees and prickly pears.